While you should click through to see The Guardian's take on what the internet is, here's three things as a kind of TL;DR:
- Cables range from 80 - 12,000 miles in length
- The internet could account for 20% of the world's energy by 2025
- The number of people online in each country ranges from just 1.2% all the way to 98.2%
While there was a time before the internet for me, it came in it to widespread use towards the end of my time at school so I've spent way more of my life with it than without it. But look at those numbers, there is a 12,000 mile cable somewhere in the world that needed to be laid in order for this to work between nations and continents. I barely drive half that distance every year!
In 2008, damage to two marine cables near the Egyptian port of Alexandria affected tens of millions of internet users in Africa, India, Pakistan and the Middle East.
Given the cables are described as being as thick as a garden hose, I'm surprised there haven't been more significant outages over the years.
Supply & demand
I doubt I'm alone in considering access to online services an amenity and necessity rather than a privilege. But all that convenience, entertainment and information doesn't come for free. Being responsible for 20% of energy use is a staggering number to me too, considering how many non-LED bulbs must still be in use across the world. It's saving grace is that it would 'only' account for 5% of carbon emissions, something that it's been great to see tech companies like Apple and Tesla leading to change the mindset of where energy should come from.
The cost of data
One thing not discussed by The Guardian is the cost to online access. Taking my How to take better photos article from week 10, according to What Does My Site Cost, it's most expensive to access in the US at 35¢ to render and just the equivalent of 1¢ in Poland. Here's the five countries where it cost the most followed the 5 where it costs the least to access the article:
We're talking pennies but given the size of the infrastructure required, I'm not sure if the cost is surprising or not? The United States and Ireland being 35x what it costs in Sri Lanka and Indonesia was surprising to me, at least. As part of my ongoing and incremental improvements to 1 Thing A Week, I'll see if I can bring that cost down for my American visitors!
Header photo by nasa on Unsplash
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